WW1 was one of the most deadliest conflicts in human history with over 38 million people who died. The war started on 28th July 1914 and ended on the 11th November 1918 with 38 countries participating over that period. The war began after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, who at the time was the archduke of Austria-Hungary at the hands of a Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip. The events that led up to the assassination were complicated but the death of the archduke propelled countries around the world to divide into alliances. In 1914 six major powers in Europe formed two alliances: Britain, France and Russia formed the Triple Entente and Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy made up the Triple Alliance. Other countries joined the separate two parties and the world would be at war for four straight years.
Below are some key developments which started the WW1:
- June 28, 1914 – Gavrilo Princip assassinates Franz Ferdinand.
- July 28, 1914 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
- August 2, 1914 – Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and Germany sign a secret treaty of alliance.
- August 3, 1914 – Germany declares war on France.
- August 4, 1914 – Germany invades Belgium, leading Britain to declare war on Germany.
- August 10, 1914 – Austria-Hungary invades Russia.
The War on Land in WW1
WW1 was predominately fought on land and the war was characterised by trench warfare which occurred when two opposing armies dug trenches into the earth to provide cover. The space between the two opposing trenches was known as “No mans land” because this area was not meant for a soldier to be in as the opposing army would almost instantly kill them. Read More
The War on the Sea in WW1
WW1 quickly began spreading throughout the sea with submarines and most notably the Germans U-boat fleets dominating the sea. U-boat fleets were a deadly force against the allied merchant ships on the Atlantic. Even though the Germans were a powerhouse on the sea the British Royal Navy were the strongest force on the sea. Read More
The War in the Air in WW1
The first aeroplane was made in 1903 and only 11 years later a war was being fought in the air. The use of aviation had huge potential in the war as planes could quickly fly into locations, either see the enemy positions or drop some bombs in areas which were being lost during the war. Planes had a huge impact during the war and they evolved quickly and became more common during this period. Read More